Southern Provincial Council was established in terms of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka and the provisions of the Provincial Councils Act No. 42 of 1987.
Hon. Governor - Dr. Hemakumara Nanayakkara
Hon. Chief Minister - Mr. Shan Wijayalal De Silva
After establishment of Provincial Councils, it was proposed to get a flag identical to each province designed.
Designing was assigned to a panel of experts and that panel took into account all matters such as historical, cultural and social backgrounds of the Province and gave necessary advice to design the flag. The flag of the Southern Provincial Council has been designed in accordance with the advice given by the panel. The criterion their opinions are as follows. A picture of a lion flag can be seen in frescos in historical Dambulla cave temple. This historical flag made of carving a picture of running lion with a small sword in its forepaw is considered to be the Ruhuna flag.
Furthermore King Dutugamunu left Magam Kingdom with the lion flag ahead for the battle to unite the country. The flag is of a picture of a yellow lion on a red blood colour background. Accordingly it was decided to use for the Southern Provincial flag the picture of the lion running with a small sword (iluk koolaya) in its fore paw of the Ruhuna flag and the red colour and yellow colour of the flag taken in the war front by King Dutugamunu.
It was decided to use the same for the Southern Province flag mixture of colours and the standared to represent all communities in Galle, Matara, and Hambantota and four bo leaves (Metta, Karuna, Muditha, Upeksha) of the national flag.
It was agreed that the forms of the sun and moon of the flag of Southern Province flag should be in the same forms of the sun and moon of the flag of Devinuwara Devalaya and that the same form of that of the flag of Hambantota District. Accordingly it was expected to keep the integration of Galle, matara and Hambantota. Therefore Southern Province flag can be considered as a combination of several traditional flags.
The small sword (iluk Koolaya) is the symbol of control, but it doesn't reflect terror or suppression. Small sword represents Justice and fair. Running lion represents velocity fearlessness and pride.
The sun and moon stands for stability prosperity and augustness. It expresses the traditional saying "Until the sun and moon exists". The sun and moon of the flag is considered to be symbols of victory. The combination of colours round the flag depict the existence of Southern Sri Lanka, victorious war history, religion and patriotism, mutual co-operation and harmony
Provincial Flower of the Southern Province
On bio-conservation day fell on 20th May 2005, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources made arrangement to declare an official flower emblem for all the provinces of Sri Lanka. The selection is base on identity, bio-conservation, culturally and scientifically significance and the expectation of creating an awareness among people of them.
Flowers were selected for each province according to a decision taken by a panel of experts based on such criteria as identity to each province locality, rarity, medicinal value, used and attractiveness after calling for representations from people by publication of newspaper notices.
After the consent of the Southern Provincial board of Ministers and the Southern Provincial Council was obtained, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources named as the Southern Province flower Heen Bovitiya flower is native to Southern Province and has distributed throughout the country and has a history of more than 15000 years and has Significant identities, beautiful colour and form.
This flower belongs to the family of Melestomataceae, and its botanical name is osbeckia octandra. Heen Bovitia plant endemic to Sri Lanka is discovered to have a history of 15000 -20000 years through pollen fossils. This plant grows on dried wet high land areas of a elevation of 5000-6000 ft. It can be mostly seen in an open environment as this plant needs sunlight. The Heen Bovitiya plant grows as shrubs, and is 2-4 ft in height. The flower is light purple colour with yellow middle and has five petals. The Flower is about 5-8 cm wide and grows as single on branches. It is also found on home gardens as an ornamental plant.